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Updated: Mar 9, 2021


The Australian healthcare system is rated among the best healthcare system among the OECD nations. In Australia, the average life expectancy at birth is 82 years.

In the year 2011-12, Australia has spent 9.5% of GDP on healthcare

In Australia, the responsibility of providing the healthcare services was divided at three levels: federal, state and local.

Also read: Canadian Healthcare System

Responsibility of the federal government:

  • Providing funds

  • Indirect support to states and health professionals

  • Subsidising health-care services by Medicare Benefits Scheme (MBS) and Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme (PBS)

  • Giving funds to states

  • Responsibility of state government:

  • Maintaining the public hospitals, ambulance services, dental care, mental and community health-care services

  • It has to arrange funds in addition to funds provided by Central government

Responsibility of local government:

  • Local governments are responsible for delivering the health-care and preventive services including immunization

Also read: Italian Healthcare System


Medicare, a universal health insurance provides free or subsidized health-care services in Australia. Medicare funded by federal government. Medicare is funded by taxes.

Private health insurance:Australian government encourages to have private insurance. Private health insurance helps to provide better access to non-emergency services, rebates on selected providers. Nearly half of the Australian population has private health insurance.


All Australian citizens, including patients having permanent VISA, New Zealand citizens enrolled in the program are covered by Medicare.

Also read: German Healthcare System