Mental well-being is when individuals can manage stress, realize their capabilities, learn, and work well. Mental health includes mental disorders, psychological disabilities, difficulties in normal functioning, and risk of self-harm.
There are effective and economical ways to promote mental health, which is urgent. It is determined based on individual, social, and structural stresses.
What causes mental health problems?
Mental health problems can arise from various factors such as genetics, life experiences, and environmental influences, including social and economic factors like poverty, unemployment, and social isolation.
While mental health problems can occur throughout life, risks during developmentally sensitive periods like childhood are dangerous.
As per the World Health Organization (WHO) statistics, nearly one in four people worldwide will have mental issues during some part of their life. So, addressing mental health issues by increasing awareness, improving access to care, and decreasing the stigma associated with mental health problems is critical.
Signs and symptoms of mental health problems.
It is critical to identify signs and symptoms of mental health problems. Some warning signs of mental health disorders include persistent sadness or irritability, extreme mood swings, difficulty concentrating, changes in sleep or appetite, and substance abuse.
The WHO and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) emphasize investing in mental health services. The WHO's Mental Health Action Plan provides a framework for countries to improve their mental health services. The plan's objectives include strengthening leadership and governance for mental health, providing comprehensive and responsive care, implementing prevention strategies, and strengthening information systems, evidence, and research for mental health. Similarly, the CDC offers a range of resources and tools to help individuals, families, and communities address mental health concerns.
Promoting mental health is equally essential as treating mental health disorders. Regular exercise, healthy eating, and relaxation techniques, can promote good mental health. Building strong social connections, seeking support from family and friends, and participating in community activities can promote positive mental health.
How to deal with stress?
Some of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tips to manage stress are:
Reduce screen time and disconnect from mobile, television, and computer screens.
Eat healthy food, including vegetables, whole grains, and less/no fat dairy.
Avoid added sugars
Sleep enough; adults require more than seven hours of sleep.
Reduce alcohol consumption.
Moving around and having physical activity helps in managing stress. One-fifty minutes of exercise a week will help to manage stress.
Do not smoke
Stretching and meditation will help to avoid stress.
Increase the interaction with others either through community-based or faith-based organizations.
Despite the importance of mental health, there is still a significant global treatment gap, with many individuals not receiving the care they need. Stigma and discrimination surrounding mental health remain substantial barriers to accessing mental health services, leading to delayed treatment, increased suffering, and a higher risk of suicide.
Mental health disorders can affect anyone, anywhere, and significantly impact individuals, families, and communities. Determining the signs and symptoms of mental health problems, promoting mental health, and increasing access to care are all crucial components of addressing mental health issues.